عنوان مقاله [English]
Confidence of Judge against Witness
Witness is one of proofs that when its requirements are gathered proves the subject of action and judge is obliged to render the verdict according to it and its validity is not contingent on certainty of judge. But its depending on not certitude of judge against it, is discussable and the research on this field shows that in religious jurisprudence, the certainty of judge against testimony causes the invalidity of witness and the judge should deny rendering judgment according to it. Our Civil Code has accepted this matter and has explained it in article 1319. Meanwhile, about certainty of judge against testimony, situation in religious jurisprudence and in law is not similar and despite the fact of emphasis on necessity of reversal of judgment in such situation in religious jurisprudence, in law, reversal of judgment in such situation depends on requirements, respites and regulations of complaint against judgments.