عنوان مقاله [English]
Unintentional offences are those offences that may be committed by any member of society. On this basis, from early times, whenever an unintentional crime was committed by a member of society, others tried to help him/her; among the methods of helping each other were Relations (Aqele) and Guarantor (Zamen-e- Jarireh) institutions that paid blood money instead of the wrongdoer. The above mentioned institutions, which are also accepted in Islamic Jurisprudence, have found their way into the 1370 Islamic penal code and the 1392 Islamic penal code and they are responsible for paying blood money in certain cases. However, they rarely pay the unintentional crime’s blood money; Relations express lack of financial ability and no Guarantee Contract is formed to compensate the damages. With regard to these cases, it seems that the above mentioned institutions lose their time’s efficiency and a new foundation called "Unintentional Crimes’ Insurance" can be used alongside.